Epilepsy is a medical condition that produces seizures that affects a variety of mental and physical functions, people are considered to have epilepsy when they have two or more unprovoked seizures. Seizures apply when clusters of nerve cells in the brain signal abnormally which may briefly alter a persons consciousness,movements or actions.Epilepsy affects over 3 million (1%) of the US population or 50 million worldwide.
The causes of Epilepsy cannot be determined in about 50% of people, therefore the condition can be attributed to a variety of factors: genetic, head trauma, medical conditions affecting the brain,dementia, certain diseases, injury in the womb, certain developmental disorders are all possible.
There are two main types of seizures:Generalised and Partial, and range from convulsions to momentary lapses of attention. The specific type, intensity and length are related to which part of the brain(and cells) is affected.
Tonic Clonic (or Grand Mal) is the most common generalized form of epilepsy. The Tonic phase is when the body stiffens before moving into the Clonic phase when the individual will cry out. fall to the ground and jerky movements occur with saliva building up in the mouth. Another type of Generalised seizure is an Absence (Petit Mal) , this can be wrongly perceived for daydreaming as the person suffers a brief lapse of concentration and staring, blinking or rolling of the eyes may be involved.
The most common form of Partial Seizure is the common Partial seizure, which occurs in 3 stages:suddenly stopping of an activity, repetition of staring expression followed by an automatic purposeless behavior that can last can last several minutes eg lip smacking, picking up clothes.finger pulling.
Everybody who comes out of a seizure and consciousness will feel disoriented and confused.They may feel nauseous and vomit, tired and further sleep and rest is required